Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 242--246

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: A zoonotic prospective


Chiranjib Chakraborty1, Ashish Ranjan Sharma2, Manojit Bhattacharya2, Garima Sharma3, Sang-Soo Lee2 
1 Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Adamas University, Barasat-Barrackpore Rd, Kolkata, West Bengal 700126, India
2 Institute for Skeletal Aging & Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University-Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chuncheon-si, 24252, Gangwon-do, Republic of Korea
3 Neuropsychopharmacology and Toxicology Program, College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Chiranjib Chakraborty
Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Adamas University, Barasat-Barrackpore Rd, Kolkata, West Bengal 700126
India
Sang-Soo Lee
Institute for Skeletal Aging & Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University-Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chuncheon-si, 24252, Gangwon-do
Republic of Korea

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a novel coronavirus (CoV), has recently emerged as a significant pathogen for humans and the cause for the recent outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) throughout the globe. For developing any preventive measure, an understanding of the zoonotic pattern for this virus is a necessity. We should have a clear knowledge of its reservoir host, its distribution pattern and spreading routes. Information about zoonotic reservoirs and its transmission among them can help to understand the COVID-19 outbreaks. In this article, we discuss about the bats as the zoonotic reservoir of several CoV strains, co-existence of bats and CoV/viruses, the sequence similarity of SARS-CoV-2 with bat SARS-like CoV, the probable source of the origin of SARS-CoV-2 strain and COVID-19 outbreak, intermediate host of CoVs and SARS-CoV-2, human to human transmission and the possibility to maintain the zoonotic barriers. Our knowledge about the zoonotic reservoir of SARS-CoV-2 and its transmission ability may help develop the preventive measures and control for the future outbreak of CoV.


How to cite this article:
Chakraborty C, Sharma AR, Bhattacharya M, Sharma G, Lee SS. The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: A zoonotic prospective.Asian Pac J Trop Med 2020;13:242-246


How to cite this URL:
Chakraborty C, Sharma AR, Bhattacharya M, Sharma G, Lee SS. The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: A zoonotic prospective. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 24 ];13:242-246
Available from: https://www.apjtm.org/article.asp?issn=1995-7645;year=2020;volume=13;issue=6;spage=242;epage=246;aulast=Chakraborty;type=0