Year : 2018 | Volume : 11 | Issue : 13 | Page : 45-
Effects of Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate on thyroid in pubertal female rats and related mechanism
Pu Shao1, Te Liu1, Meng Zhang1, Na Li2,
1 Scientific Research Center, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130033, China
2 Hainan Institute of Tropical Medicine, Hainan Medical University, HaiKou 570000, China
Objective: The quality of the tropical environment is directly related to the sustainable development of the economy, society and the health of people in the tropics. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common plasticizer, and it is easier to precipitate in the tropics. Epidemiological studies revealed that DEHP are widely exposure in the population, and it displays the characters of endocrine disruptor. In this study, we investigated the association between DEHP exposure in pubertal female rats and the thyroid function, and elucidated the toxicity of DEHP on endocrine system. Methods: Female rats (21 days old) were randomly apportioned into four dose groups (n=12), and administered via oral gavage at 0, 250, 500, or 1000 mg/kg/d DEHP for up to 4 weeks. After anesthetized, blood was collected from the eyeballs and the serum was separated. And the concentration of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), total triiodothyronine (TT3), total thyroxine (TT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) levels were measured by using ELISA. The thyroids of pubertal female rats were rapidly collected after decapitation, and the related gene and protein levels were analyzed by Real time RT-PCR and Western blot. Results: DEHP could be able to increase TSH, TT3, TT4, FT4 and TPO levels, but there were no changes in FT3. Meanwhile, the gene and protein expressions of TSH, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF1), paired box 8 (PAX8), and TPO in thyroid of pubertal female rats which treated with DEHP were significantly increased compared with the control group. Conclusions: These results were suggesting that DEHP may have thyroid toxicity on pubertal female rats. At the same time, it could also disturb thyroid function through affecting TSH, TTF1, PAX8, TPO. DEHP might affect the growth and development of puberty female rats through disrupting the endocrine regulation of the thyroid.