Impact Factor 2019: 1.940 (@Clarivate Analytics)
5-Year Impact Factor: 1.955 (@Clarivate Analytics)
  • Users Online: 465
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 214-222

Morphological study and molecular epidemiology of Anisakis larvae in mackerel fish


1 Graduate Master’s Degree Program in Biology, Faculty of Science; Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Mueang, 50200, Thailand
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Mueang, 50200; Research Center in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200; Economic Plant Genome Service Centre, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Mueang, 50200; Research Center in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Mueang, 50200; Research Center in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Faculty of Science; Environmental Science Research Center (ESRC), Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Pheravut Wongsawad
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Mueang, 50200; Research Center in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200; Economic Plant Genome Service Centre, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200
Thailand
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.315900

Get Permissions

Objective: To examine and study the morphology, epidemiology, and molecular phylogeny of Anisakis larvae in blue mackerel [Scomber australasicus (Cuvier, 1832)] and Indian mackerel [Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816)] using light microscope, scanning electron microscope, molecular phylogeny, and species delimitation methods for confirmation and investigation of Anisakis species and their evolutionary relationship. Methods: A total of 90 fish (45 per species) were purchased from a department store in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Anisakis samples were investigated for morphological characteristics using light and scanning electron microscopes. Molecular phylogeny and species delimitation methods based on the cox2 gene were performed. Results: The prevalence, mean intensity (Mean±SEM), and mean abundance of Anisakis larvae (Mean±SEM) in blue mackerel were 77.78%, 6.74±1.320, and 5.24±1.107, respectively, and in Indian mackerel, these values were 13.33%, 2.50±0.764, and 0.33±0.159, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy showed the detail of morphological characteristics and provided the different shapes of mucron and excretory pores in Anisakis larvae congruent with the phylogenetic tree. The species tree was congruent with the phylogenetic tree. Conclusions: The prevalence, mean intensity, and mean abundance of Anisakis larvae were higher in blue mackerel. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that Anisakis pegreffii was found in blue mackerel in Thailand. The phylogenetic tree also supported the morphological data of Anisakis larvae. However, species delimitation based on cox2 revealed 1-3 possible cryptic species in this genus. Anisakis spp. contamination of fish products is unpleasant and a health concern considering human infection with larvae (anisakiasis) arises.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed776    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded122    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal