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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 199-203

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: A review and an update on cases in Africa


Department of Microbiology (Virology Research), Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
AbdulAzeez A Anjorin
Department of Microbiology (Virology Research), Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.281612

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The world has experienced several epidemics posing serious threat to global public health, including the 2002 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic that caused 800 deaths out of about 8 000 cases, the 2009 H1N1 pandemic with 18 500 deaths, the 2012 Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) epidemic that caused 800 deaths out of 2 500 cases, the 2014 Ebola outbreak with 28 616 cases and 11 310 deaths, and the current coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic with more than 35 000 deaths out of over 730 000 confirmed cases till now. Emerging infectious diseases continue to infect and reduce human populations. The COVID-19 pandemic has spread to more than 114 countries before it was officially declared as a pandemic by the WHO on the 11th March 2020. Here, the first set of index cases in Africa, and the differences between SARS-CoV-2 and other coronaviruses in addition to the preventive strategies on the emergence of COVID-19 were reviewed.


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