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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 202-208

Nacre extract prevents scopolamine-induced memory deficits in rodents

College of Environmental Technology, Muroran Institute of Technology, 27-1 Mizumoto, Muroran 050-8585, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Yasushi Hasegawa
College of Environmental Technology, Muroran Institute of Technology, 27-1 Mizumoto, Muroran 050-8585
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.228434

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Objective: To investigate whether the extract from the nacreous layer of pearl oysters (nacre extract) improves impairments in memory caused by scopolamine administration in rodents. Methods: Nacre extract was prepared from the inner shell layer of pearl oyster. Effects of nacre extract on scopolamine-induced memory impairment were estimated using novel object recognition test, Y-maze test, and Barnes maze test. Effect of nacre extract on mRNA expressions which are genes associated with memory in the hippocampus was investigated using semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Results: Administration of nacre extract led to the protection against scopolamine-induced impairments in object recognition, short-term memory, and spatial memory. Treatment with nacre extract reversed the mRNA expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Homer protein homolog 1 (Homer-la) in the hippocampus, which decreased with the treatment of scopolamine. Conclusions: These results suggest that nacre extract has attenuating effects on memory impairments induced by scopolamine through the increase in mRNA expression of BDNF and Homer-1a.

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