Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 99--106

Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact


Marli C Cupertino1, Michely B Resende2, Nicholas AJ Mayer4, Lorendane M Carvalho3, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista4 
1 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais; Laboratory of Epidemiological and Computational Methods in Health, Department of Medicine and Nursing; Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa. Minas Gerais, Brazil
2 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais, Brazil
3 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova;3Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil
4 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova; Laboratory of Epidemiological and Computational Methods in Health, Department of Medicine and Nursing, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Marli C Cupertino
Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais; Laboratory of Epidemiological and Computational Methods in Health, Department of Medicine and Nursing; Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa. Minas Gerais, Brazil

Infectious diseases continue to impose unpredictable burdens on global health and economies, a subject that requires constant research and updates. In this sense, the objective of the present article was to review studies on the role of wild animals as reservoirs and/or dispersers of etiological agents of human infectious diseases in order to compile data on the main wild animals and etiological agents involved in zoonotic outbreaks. A systematic review was carried out using PRISMA guidelines, using the PubMed, Scopus and SciELO platforms as data banks. The descriptors used were “zoonosis”, “human infectious diseases” and “wild animals”. The results show that wild animals (mainly bats, birds and primates) play an important role in the dissemination of etiological agents (mainly viruses, as a new coronavirus called 2019 Novel Coronavirus) in extensive geographic regions. Moreover, these wild animal organisms can act as the site for essential biotic synergy among several pathogenic microorganisms, promoting a higher rate of adaptation, mutation and even genetic recombination, with consequent stimulation of new strains and subtypes, inducing new infectious agents with unknown virulent potential. In conclusion, the monitoring of these diseases and adequate preparation for possible epidemics and pandemics are fundamental conditions for the mitigation of their future impact. The zoonotic threat of these etiological agents and the impact on public health can be enormous as shown by the ongoing epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019- nCoV) infections.


How to cite this article:
Cupertino MC, Resende MB, Mayer NA, Carvalho LM, Siqueira-Batista R. Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact.Asian Pac J Trop Med 2020;13:99-106


How to cite this URL:
Cupertino MC, Resende MB, Mayer NA, Carvalho LM, Siqueira-Batista R. Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact. Asian Pac J Trop Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 May 25 ];13:99-106
Available from: http://www.apjtm.org/article.asp?issn=1995-7645;year=2020;volume=13;issue=3;spage=99;epage=106;aulast=Cupertino;type=0