Impact Factor 2018: 1.772 (@Clarivate Analytics)
5-Year Impact Factor: 1.772 (@Clarivate Analytics)
  • Users Online: 2386
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 227-234

Spatial distribution of cutaneous anthrax in western Iran from 2009 to 2016: Geographic information system mapping for predicting risk of anthrax outbreaks


1 Zoonoses Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical, Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
5 Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ebrahim Ghaderi
Zoonoses Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: This is part of Ms. Fatemeh Najafi dissertation approved by the deputy of research of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, and it was conducted under their grant No IR.MUK.REC.94.338, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.283516

Get Permissions

Objective: To explore the spatial accumulation of diseases and their aggravating factors are essential in all public health. This study attempts to use geographic information system (GIS) to provide more information about the incidence and future of anthrax. Methods: Patients were diagnosed with anthrax in Kurdistan Province from 2009 to 2016. Data was then exported into ArcGIS software version 9 and the required layers for years and areas were added.Final map for each year was drawn up, pointing out the hot spots and predicting its future pattern. Results: Most cases were reported in females (57 cases, 54.80 %), and the lower body limbs were most affected (63 cases, 60.57%). The highest numbers of incidences were related to the cities of Marivan, Saqez and Divandareh, with more concentration in the central parts of the province, rather than borderline areas. The highest percentage of the probable incidence of the disease was in Sanandaj (57.74%) with a potential susceptible area of 1 729.12 km2 and then in Saqez (54.36%) with a potential area of 2 422.4 km2. Conclusions: A vast area of Kurdistan Province is high risk for new cases of anthrax. Therefore, it is important to scale up the surveillance system in the province.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed125    
    Printed2    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded72    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal