Impact Factor 2018: 1.772 (@Clarivate Analytics)
5-Year Impact Factor: 1.772 (@Clarivate Analytics)
  • Users Online: 1748
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 99-106

Emerging and re-emerging human infectious diseases: A systematic review of the role of wild animals with a focus on public health impact


1 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais; Laboratory of Epidemiological and Computational Methods in Health, Department of Medicine and Nursing; Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa. Minas Gerais, Brazil
2 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais, Brazil
3 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa. Minas Gerais, Brazil
4 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova;3Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil
5 Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova; Laboratory of Epidemiological and Computational Methods in Health, Department of Medicine and Nursing, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Marli C Cupertino
Medical School, Faculdade Dinâmica do Vale do Piranga, Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais; Laboratory of Epidemiological and Computational Methods in Health, Department of Medicine and Nursing; Department of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Viçosa. Minas Gerais, Brazil

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.277535

Get Permissions

Infectious diseases continue to impose unpredictable burdens on global health and economies, a subject that requires constant research and updates. In this sense, the objective of the present article was to review studies on the role of wild animals as reservoirs and/or dispersers of etiological agents of human infectious diseases in order to compile data on the main wild animals and etiological agents involved in zoonotic outbreaks. A systematic review was carried out using PRISMA guidelines, using the PubMed, Scopus and SciELO platforms as data banks. The descriptors used were “zoonosis”, “human infectious diseases” and “wild animals”. The results show that wild animals (mainly bats, birds and primates) play an important role in the dissemination of etiological agents (mainly viruses, as a new coronavirus called 2019 Novel Coronavirus) in extensive geographic regions. Moreover, these wild animal organisms can act as the site for essential biotic synergy among several pathogenic microorganisms, promoting a higher rate of adaptation, mutation and even genetic recombination, with consequent stimulation of new strains and subtypes, inducing new infectious agents with unknown virulent potential. In conclusion, the monitoring of these diseases and adequate preparation for possible epidemics and pandemics are fundamental conditions for the mitigation of their future impact. The zoonotic threat of these etiological agents and the impact on public health can be enormous as shown by the ongoing epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019- nCoV) infections.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1264    
    Printed83    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded413    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal