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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-93

Co-existence of renal hydatid cyst and renal cell carcinoma in one kidney: A case report


1 Pathology Department, Medical School, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
2 Urology Department, Medical School, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
3 Student Research Committee; Non Communicable Disease Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Kharmandar
Student Research Committee; Non Communicable Disease Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.275417

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Rationale: Cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease) is a parasitic infection of humans, but renal hydatid cyst is rare. It is even more uncommon to find hydatid cyst and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) synchronously in one kidney. Patient concerns: This report presents a 47 years old Iranian man with the chief complaint of lower abdominal pain. Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomographic scan was performed for more evaluation. Diagnosis: RCC was the most probable diagnosis, so he went under left total nephrectomy. Eventually, after histopathologic examination of the excised kidney, cystic echinococcosis came to the first line and papillary RCC was the second diagnosis. Outcomes and lessons: Diagnosis of hydatid cyst and RCC is mostly based on imaging, but, as we noticed in this case, distinguishing between these two may sometimes be difficult due to radiological similarities.


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