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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 300-305

Leishmaniasis in the Argentine Republic: Temporal and geographical distribution from 2013 to 2017


1 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Técnicas, Centro Científico y Tecnológico de Mendoza, Instituto de Medicina y Biología Experimental de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina
2 Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Área de Parasitología, Mendoza, Argentina
3 Universidad Juan Agustín Maza, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Ambientales, Centro de Investigación en Parasitología Regional, Mendoza, Argentina
4 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Técnicas, Centro Científico y Tecnológico de Mendoza, Instituto de Medicina y Biología Experimental de Cuyo; Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Instituto de Fisiología, Mendoza, Argentina
5 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Técnicas, Centro Científico y Tecnológico de Mendoza, Instituto de Medicina y Biología Experimental de Cuyo; Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Área de Parasitología, Mendoza, Argentina

Correspondence Address:
Diego E Cargnelutti
Laboratory of Immunology and Vaccine Development, IMBECU-CONICET. Av. Ruiz Leal s/n. Parque Gral. San Martín, CP 5500, Mendoza
Argentina
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Source of Support: This study was supported by grant from Fundación Alberto Roemmers (2017-2019), Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.262073

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Objective: To assess the temporal and geographical distribution of confirmed cases of cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in the Argentine Republic from 2013 to 2017. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out using data collected from the Integrated Surveillance Bulletin database of the National System of Health Surveillance. Confirmed cases of cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis up to the 52nd epidemiological week of each year was included. Results: In the 5 years period, 1 295 confirmed leishmaniasis cases were reported in the Argentine Republic. One thousand twenty-eight (1 028) cases corresponded to cutaneous leishmaniasis (87.10%), being the most common type of leishmaniasis. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis was in the second place in the country with 115 cases reported, mostly in the Northwest and Northeast regions. A total of 52 individuals with visceral leishmaniasis were identified and Misiones Province was the most affected. Conclusions: It is important to analyze the temporal and geographical distribution of leishmaniasis in order to provide an adequate management and surveillance.


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