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REVIEW
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 147-152

Herbal remedies, vaccines and drugs for dengue fever: Emerging prevention and treatment strategies


1 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India
2 College of Pharmacy, Prince Sattam Bin Abdul Aziz University, Kharj, Ksa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Surajpal Verma
School of pharmaceutical sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.257113

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Dengue fever is a disease that is caused by five dengue virus (DENV) serotypes. It is endemic in more than 128 countries. Millions of people are affected by this disease. But still, there is no specific treatment available till now to combat it. Some of the preventive measures using plant extracts showed certain promising ovicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. There are some vaccines as preventive measure and antiviral agents to cure the dengue fever, which are under clinical trials but their results have not been reported or approved yet. Dengvaxia is the only licensed vaccine to prevent dengue fever in some South American countries, but it is not approved by other regulatory authorities worldwide. Scientific research has been going on to find a permanent cure for dengue fever, but till now, no successful invention has been done. There are some general treatments for dengue patient by employing analgesics and fluid replacement; however, specific treatment is needed to overcome the lethal effect of dengue fever. Since this disease has affected millions of people and not much invention has been made in this field; therefore, advancement in dengue therapy is required for the safety and well-being of dengue patients. Herein we collectively describe the different chemotherapeutics agents, alternative methods like vaccines and antiviral agents to prevent and cure this lethal disease. Furthermore, the future perspective for the treatment of dengue is discussed in this review.


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