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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 405-414

A critical review on Nepal Dock (Rumex nepalensis): A tropical herb with immense medicinal importance


1 Department of Biotechnology, Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Savitribai Phule Pune University), Ganeshkhind, Pune 411016, India
2 Department of Botany, Prof. Ramkrishna More College (Savitribai Phule Pune University), Akurdi, Pune 411044, India
3 Department of Biotechnology, Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Savitribai Phule Pune University); Department of Environmental Science, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, India

Correspondence Address:
Vinay Kumar
Department of Biotechnology, Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Savitribai Phule Pune University), Ganeshkhind, Pune 411016
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.237184

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Rumex nepalensis Spreng. (Polygonaceae) commonly known as Nepal Dock has wide-spectrum therapeutic potencies and is extensively used for centuries in traditional medicine systems. The leaves of this plant are edible and a rich source of natural antioxidants. They act as a possible food supplement and are largely used in pharmaceutical industry. Extracts and metabolites from this plant exhibits pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal, purgative, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-algal, central nervous system depressant, genotoxic, wound healing and skeletal muscle relaxant activity. Due to its remarkable biological activities, it has the potential to act as a rich source of drug against life threatening diseases. However, more studies are needed to scientifically validate the traditional uses of this plant, beside isolating and identifying their active principles and characterizing the mechanisms of action. We present herein a critical account of its botany, ecology, traditional uses, phytoconstituent profile and major pharmacological activities reported in recent years and therefore will provide a source of information on this plant for further studies.


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