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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-14

Biological, chemical and pharmacological aspects of Madhuca longifolia


Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra 835215, Ranchi, India

Correspondence Address:
Papiya Mitra Mazumder
Papiya Mitra Mazumder, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra 835215, Ranchi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-7645.223528

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Madhuca longifolia (M. longifolia) is also known as Mahua belonging to the family sapoteace family. M. longifolia is used in traditional and folklore system of medicine widely across India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka for its various pharmacological properties as in snake bites and in diabetes. Phytochemicals studies documented the different bioactive constituents, namely, glycosides, flavonoids, terpenes and saponins. The pharmacological studies proved that it possess wide range of biological activities such as antiulcer, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. The toxicity studies reveal its non-toxic effect even at larger doses. Thus M. longifolia can be considered as a therapeutic agent for specific diseases. Scientific investigation on various isolated bioactive components and its efficacy on diseases proved the future usefulness of different species of Madhuca. This review summarizes the phytochemical, pharmacological, medicinal and non-medicinal uses of M. longifolia. Further exploration on M. longifolia for its therapeutic potential is however required for depth traditional knowledge.


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